“Maritime Factor” in the Modern Russian Economy (View by a Geographer and Social Scientist)


The article presents the analysis of the “maritime segment” of the economy of modern Russia, stresses the importance of industrial and agricultural enterprises’ terminals (operating in connection with port) and its infrastructure to
be included in maritime complex along with traditional sectors. It is shown that the increase in the country’s maritime activity (apparent since late 1990s) is determined by the rooting of export-oriented, raw material model of the national
economy; its “marine segment” in this case was subject to internationalization and fragmentation, also it has increased structural asymmetry. The author characterizes the basic water-territorial forms of economic performance and shows that
their formation and development in the market context inherent sustainable conjugation of complexation of clustering.
The economic features of coastal regions are identified; the “thalasso-centralized” regions are identified within coastal zones. It is shown that the full and effective use of “maritime factor” in regional socio-economic development largely
corresponds with the positioning of the territory on major communication lines produced by geoeconomy. Also it is determined by the eff ects of urbanization and metropolisation.
maritime complex, coastal regions, Russia, human geography

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