On the Issue of the Ties of Dagestan with Astrakhan in the 17th and the fi rst Third of the 18th Century

(Dagestan State Pedagogic University)

The article is written on the basis of various sources and literature. It speaks about the favorable geographical position of Astrakhan, which influenced the development of trade relations between the population and various countries and peoples. G. Astrakhan trade routes was associated with the regions of the North Caucasus, Transcaucasia, Central Asia, Iran, India, South-Eastern Europe. From Astrakhan, sea and land roads led to various cities and possessions. In Astrakhan, various industries of crafts and crafts were developed, which were in demand in the foreign market. In the closest ties with Astrakhan were the Terek city, Derbent, Shemakha. The goods of the Astrakhan merchants were in great demand in Dagestan. Copper, boilers of various sizes, mirrors, needles, pins, iron buckets, scissors, etc. came from Astrakhan to the Dagestani possessions.
In turn, from Astrakhan from Dagestan were exported: cotton, silk, morocco, sabers, nuts. The Dagestani rulers through their ambassadors repeatedly sought permission from the Russian government to buy the necessary goods in Astrakhan.
The article notes the role of the Terek city or Turk in the development of ties between Dagestan and Astrakhan. Derbent played an important intermediary role in the ties of Astrakhan with Iran, the countries of the peoples and the cities of Transcaucasia and Central Asia and other regions. It shows the role of Armenian and Indian merchants in the trade relations of the Dagestan peoples with Astrakhan.
Dagestan, Astrakhan, Caspian Sea, Iran, India, Transcaucasia, North Caucasus, merchants, trade, trade routes, Derbent, Nogai steppe, Tarki, Tersk city, Kabarda, Shemakha

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