Modern Eurasia: the Evolution of Geo-Concept in the Changing Geopolitical and Geo-Economic Realities

(North Caucasus Research Institute of Economic and Social Problems of the Southern Federal University; Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University)

The last decades were marked by large-scale changes across all the Eurasian space which is becoming more complex (multipolar) structure and “fuzzy” confi guration. The dynamics of its components (countries and regions), demonstrating the increasing conjugation, simultaneously becomes less predictable, dependent on technical and technological, economic and institutional, geopolitical, socio-cultural and ethnodemographic factors, challenges and innovations. The historical context of the formation and development of “Eurasia” Geo-Concept is described; the
socio-geographical aspect of the “Eurasianism” doctrine (which is considered as the dominant idea integrating and, simultaneously, structuring, organizing geospace) is highlighted. Its actualization is shown to be in conjugacy with the collapse of the Soviet Union and the further geopolitical and geo-economic changes. It is accented that the influence of integration and disintegration processes and the growing impact of foreign forces (including globalist ones) caused the replacement of dominating unified center-periphery system in the Eurasian space with the actual variety of integration formats (often alternative) in the last two decades. It is shown that, having found its multipolar structure, modern Eurasia continues to expand its geospatial contour, and the “Eurasian idea” itself (originally conceived as a purely
Russian intellectual project) is increasingly internationalizing. The article analyzes the opportunities and risks of the implementation of the “Greater Eurasia” concept.
Eurasia, Eurasianism, Eurasian integration, “Greater Eurasia”, geopolitics, geo-economics, Human geography

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