Indigenization as a Tool for Formation of Regional Nomenclature on the Example of the North Caucasus Materials in 1920–1930s

(Stavropol State Agrarian University)

One of the important research lines in the modern national historical science is the history of the Soviet national statehood. It should be noted that one of the key tasks of the young Soviet State was the formation of a new personnel
administration. The indigenization issue allows to expand the idea of latent resources of the historical development of the Russian society in the context of the Bolshevik power functioning and to open new aspects of the Russian political
history of the 20th century. The formation of the Soviet political system in the North Caucasus was directly associated with the solution of the nationalities issue.
To strengthen its position in the national regions, authorities tried to draw the representatives of local population into the public administration. To create regional nomenclature, as the base of support at the local level, the Soviet leadership in 1920–1930s started implementing the policy of indigenization of the Soviet and party apparatus in ethnic areas. Indigenization policy declared the creation of preferential recommendation terms for Indigenous Nations' delegates into the Soviet and party apparatus. According to the central leadership, the management involvement of the national minorities members had to facilitate the convergence of the State apparatus with the local community. In line with the orders of the central government the was a process of national councils formation in the North Caucasus.
The analysis of archival sources allows to trace the process of the regional and ethnic Soviet-party nomenclature formation in the territory of the North Caucasus. During that national policy realization the proportion of national minorities within the ranks of the Communist Party increased, while the share of Russian members of the party decreased from 72 % to 65 % within the period from 1922 to 1927.
Indigenization of the party-state apparatus of the Northern Caucasus was in line with the general trends in state national policy. At the same time, the ethnic diversity of the region allowed to fulfi ll the requirements of the central
governing bodies for the recruitment and formation of the national Soviet and party nomenclature.
North Caucasus, national policy, indigenization, party nomenclature, apparatus control of a national minority

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